Machine knit bind offs, single and double bed


A DBJ discussion re Ayab use recently brought up the topic of ribber bind offs. My plan for this post is to gather information and illustration on a variety of methods, beginning with those illustrated by Brother, then moving on to others I have come across over the years in a variety of publications.  Once the ribber stitches are moved to the top bed, any single bed bind off may be used, whether through single or double loops. Some techniques produce more pleasing results than others. For folks that prefer to view videos, these are some offered by others on this topic:
latching off through looser stitches any KM, my least favorite,
wrapping around needles , familiar to Passap owners
several sinker plate bind offs. The very last method illustrated is my favorite go to, around gatepegs whether single, double or more, though I do it a different way. The version in this video seems slower and more clumsy to me

This edited illustration, also from a Brother manual, shows how the yarn is threaded through the stitches in numbered sequence according to stitch configuration for the ribbed fabric

Other approaches to binding off with needle and yarn: working single bed this is sometimes performed on the machine seen here working from left to right. It is referred to as back stitch or stem stitch sew off method, and is illustrated in many of the old machine knitting manuals. It is easier to achieve if after the knitting the last row one knits at least 2 or 3 more rows in waste yarn to make the stitches more accessible. The knit side shows single loops in view upon completion. Dropping small groups of stitches off as one makes progress across the row may make the technique easier, helping with placement of the other hand to hold the work. On the machine the fixed distances between needles and gate pegs help to keep the tension even. The back stitching may be done off the machine, but maintaining even tension there may be a bit harder.

and here from right to left

Some references advocate this method for binding off rib after transferring all stitches to the main bed. A row is knit across the transferred stitches prior to stitching through the now single thickness

The process, whether executed on the machine or off is, to my mind, easier with waste yarn knit after the transfers. Here is an illustration of single bed knitting removed from the machine. The top of the last row of the body of the knit may then be bound off using a crochet hook or latch tool chain using a continuous thread,or the needle and yarn sewing method may be used.  There is a limit as to the length of yarn used so as not to pose problems. Very wide pieces may prove to be a challenge, requiring more than a single yarn end to complete the bind off. My own yarn end max limit for sewing up or off is about 18 inches

Taking it double bed: EON needle is transferred to the top bed.  From right to  left: COR stitches that appear as knit ones  on the purl ground are brought out to hold,  the knit carriage is set to slip from left to right, purl stitches will slip.  Set carriage to knit both ways, continue with waste knitting, drop piece off the machine, continue as illustrated in circular fold over method

Here any waste yarn is folded over, exposing the tops of ribbed stitches. The threading and stitching sequence is numbered, illustrated for both one by one and two by two rib. Depending on the planned seaming  choice, an extra stitch may be added on either or both sides of the knit so that half a stitch or a whole one can be absorbed into the seam, resulting in a continuous rib configuration on the outside of the garment

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